Today I am going to talk about the sudden
death of U.S. Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia
Because of the sudden death of U.S. Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia, it brings a
political battle over his replacement. First, the Constitution says the president
nominates justices to the Supreme Court with the advice and consent同意of the Senate.
It means that the Senate has the power to confirm or reject whoever the president nominates.
Now the president is a Democrat. The Senate is controlled by Republicans. So the president
and congressional Democrats want Scalia successor繼任人繼承人nominated and confirmed this year, while Republicans
want to wait until after a new president to nominate.
Second, there`s a political split in the Supreme Court. Until Justice Scalia`s death,
five of the high court`s members were nominated by Republican presidents, four were nominated
by Democratic presidents. Now, though, the court is split four to four. So, the new justice
could dramatically impact the cases that divide the court.
Third, Federal judges, including Supreme Court justices, serve for life. That`s why
presidents regard these judicial appointments as such an important way to extend their own
legacies. The Constitution does not set out a resume that a Supreme Court has to have.
There`s no requirement in the Constitution that a Supreme Court justice even be a lawyer.
But traditionally, presidents have nominated impeccably ɪmˋpɛkəb!ɪ]無可挑惕的qualified
sitting judges. Both presidents and senators like to say
that the confirmation process is all about qualifications. But it`s really also about
politics. Virtually, every important issue in American politics and even American life
winds up 結束以告終in front of the Supreme Court, and they have the last word. Both the
president and the senators trying to figure out how the nominee`s stance立場on the hot-button
issues一觸即發的敏感問題that the Supreme Court deals with and that`s why the
senators will vote yes or not. There is no law that says a president
can`t nominate someone to the Supreme Court in his last year in office. The Senate on
the other hand can run out the clock 拖時間when they don`t want a president to fill that seat.